About Piper Betel
Betel leaf plant (piper betel) is a creeper grown in India; it belongs to the pepper family. Its waxy green, heart-shaped leaves are used for medicinal and culinary purposes. When crushed, it exudes cool peppery scent.
It is used in making a famous dessert called Paan which is chewed with betel nut as a mouth freshener. This mildly stimulant herb is popular in whole South Asia (Indian subcontinent), Thailand, Indonesia, and Vietnam.
|Plant Height||12 inch (30 cm)|
|Plant Spread||6 inch (15 cm)|
|Common Name||Naagarvel, Vidyache paan|
|Maximum Reachable Height||150 to 180 cm.|
|Flower Colour||Dark red|
|Bloom Time||Spring and early summer (anytime in tropics)|
|Difficulty Level||Easy to grow|
Planting And Care
- Place your plant in a place that receives at least 5 to 6 hours of sunlight daily.
- It thrives well in a hot and humid environment in partial shade.
- The betel plant needs regular watering. Water only when the soil feels dry to touch.
- Loosen the soil without damaging the roots. It will help the plant to uptake the nutrients and moisture easily.
- Prune regularly after it reaches 2 m height to control the plant, regular pruning, and plucking of leaves encourages new growth and sweet and tender leaves.
- Occasional feeding every couple of months in the growing season of the plant with a nitrogen-rich organic fertilizer like manure or compost is recommended.
Piper Betel Care
- The betel vine is propagated by terminal stem cuttings or setts about 30 – 45 cm long.
- Setts obtained from the top portions of the vines are easy to root and hence best for planting.
- It prefers slightly acidic, sandy-loamy and lightly damp soil but not waterlogged.
- Use the well-drained potting mix to plant it in a way that water will drain out from it quickly.
- Pick a less windy spot with partial shade for planting.
- Select a piece of rooted cutting of betel with at least three or four leaves.
- Remove the lowest leaf and plant the stem with the growing media in a pot.
|Sunlight||It thrives well in a hot and humid environment in partial shade.|
|Soil||It prefers slightly acidic, sandy-loamy and lightly damp soil but not water logged. Use the well drained potting mix to plant it in a way that water will drain out from it quickly.|
|Temperature||40 degrees Celsius.|
|Fertilizer||Apply any organic fertilizer.|
|Harvest Season||Within 4 to 6 months after planting, it will be ready for harvest. You can pick up its fresh aromatic leaves for various uses.|
Piper Betel Special Feature
- Dried ground pepper is one of the most common spices in European cuisine having been known since antiquity for both its flavor and its use as a medicine.
- The fruit, known as a peppercorn when dried, is a small drupe, dark red when fully mature, containing a single seed.
Piper Betel Uses
- The plant is used to decorate the balcony, terrace or any outdoor space
- The betel (Piper betel) is the leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family, which includes pepper and kava
- It is valued both as a mild stimulant and for its medicinal properties
- The betel plant is an evergreen perennial, with glossy heart-shaped leaves and white catkin
- Betel leaves are used as a stimulant, edible purpose, pooja, medicinal, etc