|Botanical Name||Dypsis lutescens (formerly Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)|
|Common Names||Areca palm, butterfly palm, golden cane palm, or yellow palm|
|Native Area||Madagascar and South India|
|Mature Size||10 to 30 feet tall 8- to 15-foot spread|
|Sun Exposure||Bright, indirect light|
|Soil Type||Rich, moist soil|
|Soil pH||Slightly acidic to neutral|
|Flower Color||Pale yellow|
How to Grow Areca Palms
When grown outdoors in tropical regions, areca palms prefer a part-shade setting and a slightly acidic soil that is moist and well-draining. Amending soil with sand is sometimes necessary unless drainage is naturally good. The plant needs to be watered frequently as it is getting established. After this, water thoroughly whenever the top 2 inches of soil becomes dry.
As an indoor plant, areca palms present the home grower with multiple challenges. There is the seemingly eternal quest for light that frustrates many growers of palms. They like more light than the average indoor environment can supply. Also, there is the persistent challenge of feeding. Areca palms are heavy feeders that can develop yellowing leaves in the absence of magnesium, iron, and trace elements. However, they are also susceptible to fertilizer salts and dislike fluoridated water, which puts many growers at a disadvantage.
Outdoors, these plants like part shade or constant filtered sunlight. Indoors, areca palms do best with bright light like from a south- or west-facing window and may last longer with some direct sunlight. But do not give it too much direct sun; the leaves will turn yellowish-green in direct sunlight.
For potted indoor plants, a peat-based potting mix with lots of material for drainage is perfect. Palms appreciate good drainage to prevent waterlogged roots. Outdoor specimens do best with a slightly acidic soil that is very well draining. Amending with sand and peat moss may be necessary to improve porousness and lower the pH of the soil.
Like many palms, areca palms are sensitive to overwatering and cannot tolerate being waterlogged or sitting in a water-saturated potting mix. Let the soil or potting mix dry out slightly between waterings. Areca palms are sensitive to fluoridated water, so should be watered with distilled water or collected rainwater.
Temperature and Humidity
Indoors or out, this plant does best in average temperatures of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It will do fine planted in the garden in regions where temperatures don’t dip below about 50 degrees Fahrenheit. When grown as an indoor plant, keep the leaves away from cold windows, air conditioners, and heat sources. Areca palms are sensitive to low temperatures so if you place potted plants outside during the summer be sure to bring it in before temperatures dip below 50 degrees. Sudden cold spots can bring on dark spots in the leaves.
High humidity is essential to keeping an areca palm looking good. The plant will acclimate to normal room humidity, but if the air is too dry, it is common for the leaf tips to turn brown.
Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer once or twice during the growing season and not at all during the winter.
Potting and Repotting
Areca palms are relatively fast-growing and are usually planted in clumps. Over time, individual plants will form clumps, as well. The plant likes a tight container. Crowded roots will aid in keeping the plant size in check. But you may want to repot in order to replace the old potting soil and remove fertilizer salt deposits that build up. When repotting, use a palm potting soil, or a general-purpose soil amended with a cup of clean builder’s sand.
In most indoor situations, it is unlikely that an areca palm will live long enough to need frequent repotting. But if your palm happens to truly thrive, you may need to repot it every other year or so. When repotting a clump, be careful not to damage the root ball or bury the palm too deep.
*Note :- Pot not included